History of Firefighting
Fire-Dex was formed after A Best Products Co. purchased Morgan Protection Apparel in Rome, GA in 1983. Since the primary business was manufacturing welding and firefighting gloves with good dexterity, the name “Fire-Dex” was an obvious choice.
Fire-Dex strategically grew by adding more accessory items such as fire hoods and suspenders and then began manufacturing structural turnout gear in 1987. Expansion continued in the following years, adding ParaDex EMS and USAR Gear. In September of 2008 Fire-Dex acquired the Chieftain brand, bringing with it a long history in the fire industry, dating back to 1927.
Fire-Dex entered the firefighting footwear market in 2010 when they launched their first structural firefighting boot, the FDXL-100 Red Leather Boot.
Finally, TECGEN® PPE became a Fire-Dex brand in September of 2015.
Modern day advances provide many tools that have contributed to the success in fighting fires for many years. For example, the fire hydrant allows firefighters access to a water source in close proximity to the fire. It is easy to take such tools for granted.
Prior to the creation of the fire hydrant, firefighters used a bucket brigade and/or hand pumping system. This process called for buckets of water to be moved from a nearby water source to the location of the fire by volunteers. In order to gain access to a great amount of water, firefighters had to dig a hole into the water main. Once they no longer needed water, “fire plugs” were created in order to close the hole. These slow and inefficient systems did not suffice for extinguishing fires of great size.
Credit for the first fire hydrant in 1801 goes to Frederick Graff Sr., a fire engineer from Philadelphia. Although, the patent for his creation of the fire hydrant is not verified due to a fire that occurred in the patent office where all destroyed records. As a result, according to some sources, George Smith, a fireman, is given credit for creating the first fire hydrant in 1817.
For more historical facts on modern advances in firefighting checkout our timeline of the motorized fire apparatus.
The leaves are changing and the air is beginning to cool. Along with the change in season comes National Chimney Safety Week. As you are aware, it’s vital to the health and safety of your community and citizens to regularly clean and maintain chimneys. September 27th-October 3rd marks National Chimney Safety Week and to educate the public about the occasion, we have debunked four common myths about fireplaces.
MYTH: The chances of having multiple chimney fires are slim.
The chances of having a chimney fire increase if the home has already experienced one. Sometimes chimney fires aren’t caused by buildup but instead result from poor construction.
MYTH: Gas-burning fireplaces don’t need inspected.
Gas-burning fireplaces do not leave a visible residue like the soot and creosote of a wood-burning fireplace. Because of this, people often dismiss inspections of their gas-burning fireplaces when in fact corrosive substances are still present. This is a helpful link to share that allows users to search by zip code and find a professional chimney sweep in their area.
MYTH: Creosote is easy to spot.
Creosote, defined as “the harmful residue that sticks to the inner walls of the chimney,” can appear in many forms. Creosote can be black or brown, flaky or sticky. This highly combustible substance can easily cause chimney fires.
MYTH: It’s difficult to spot a chimney fire.
There are some clear signs that homeowners can keep a watchful eye on to prevent chimney fires. The Chimney Safety Institute of America lists “Nine Signs You’ve Had a Chimney Fire:”
- “Puffy” or “honey combed” creosote
- Warped metal of the damper, metal smoke chamber connector pipe or factory-built metal chimney
- Cracked or collapsed flue tiles, or tiles with large chunks missing
- Discolored and/or distorted rain cap
- Heat-damaged TV antenna attached to the chimney
- Creosote flakes and pieces found on the roof or ground
- Roofing material damaged from hot creosote
- Cracks in exterior masonry
- Evidence of smoke escaping through mortar joints of masonry or tile liners
Tributes to September 11, 2001 are found around the world.
Phoenix, Arizona: A large ring inscribed with written statements that are projected onto the base when sun shines through.
Indianapolis, Indiana: Two beams from the WTC, granite walls inscribed with remembrances of the events and a sculpture of bald eagle.
Beverly Hills, California: A steel beam salvaged from the wreckage of the WTC.
Ramot, Jerusalem: A cenotaph in the form of an American flag transforming into a flame sitting on a base of metal from WTC.
Hilliard, Ohio: A park with a sculpture, engraved granite walls, fountains, a trellis resembling beams, and artifacts from the WTC.
Parsippany, New Jersey: Steel sections from the WTC, pieces of United Flight #93, and soil from the Pentagon are surrounded by water.
Jersey City, New Jersey: Two long steel slabs, separated by a path, bear the names of the deceased and frame a view of the changing WTC site.
Christchurch, New Zealand: A tribute to firefighters worldwide using steel from the WTC site.
Venice, Florida: A piece of the WTC sits on a base engraved with names of firefighters, victims and other fallen heroes.
Overland Park, Kansas: An artifact from the WTC sits in the center of a park where people can touch it to reconnect and remember.
The Great Plague struck London in 1665 and resulted in the deaths of over one hundred thousand citizens. Due to the plague epidemic, many citizens temporary left the city to escape exposure. Unfortunately, less than a year later citizens found themselves fleeing the city again when The Great Fire of London began. The fire lasted a total of four days throughout the central parts of London, beginning on September 2nd and lasting until September 5th, in 1666. Although, the massive fire caused a great amount of destruction in London, it fortunately did not result in a great number of causalities. In addition, the fire helped force the city to re-build itself from all of the destruction and despair it had encountered over the past two years.
The fire started at a bakery owned by Thomas Farriner, King Charles II baker. The housemaid did not properly turn off an oven in the bakery; as a result, the heat spread throughout the wood home and eventually caught fire. Unfortunately, the fire quickly spread from building to building and home to home with devastating results. Because many of the homes and buildings were made out of wood and it occurred after a hot summer season, the wood shingles were dry and vulnerable. Many citizens decided to flee the city, but King Charles II chose to stay in order to operate the city.
There was fear that the fire would cross the North River and invade the South side of the city. Luckily, the weather significantly changed over the course of the ensuing four days and the winds reversed direction. Subsequently, the fire remained stagnant in the same already burned down area and eventually died out.
The fire burned approximately 13,200 homes, 87 churches, and numerous buildings of city authorities, as well as the famous St. Paul’s Cathedral. There were only six recorded casualties, but this record has been questioned over the years because the intense heat of the fire could have lead to a lack of remains.
Despite all of the negative consequences of the fire, many believe it helped the city of London recover from the harsh post-conditions of The Great Plague and become a stronger city. The fire helped the filthy streets of the Great Plague to become sterilized. In addition, as a result of London encountering a great amount of destruction, the city was able to completely to reconstruct itself, providing citizens with better living environments.